The Rule of Law Roadmap is guided by the Whole-of-Government Approach which is anchored in joined-up coordination and integrated management of a set of activities between the Criminal Justice Institutions, where the aim is to generate outcomes that cannot be achieved by each institution working in isolation.

The rationale for whole of government work is to eliminate ‘silos’, or institutions working in isolation from one another, and achieve seamless coordination. It aims to optimise the impact of government by using all the instruments at the disposal of the State in an integrated way in support of particular outcomes to ensure effective delivery of the rule of law.

The Whole of Government approach requires a particular way of working which involves:


Whole of government work involves joining up policymaking at the center in support of implementation. All criminal justice stakeholders should have the same vision and buy-in to the same strategic priorities.

Monitoring Mechanism

This involves new forms of accountability, results-based targets, data management systems and performance indicators. It also requires monitoring and evaluation of implementation and outcomes.

Managing Interdependencies

Whole of government work involves recognizing and managing the interdependencies across Criminal Justice Institutions and among levels of implementation at national, provincial, district and administrative jurisdictions.

Shared Understanding of Issues and Gaps 

In the case of deep-seated issues, such as crime, gender-based violence, low conviction rate, overcrowding of prisons and others, a shared view among the stakeholders about the underlying causes of the problem essential to work towards identifying solutions.